Description: Homo sapiens histone deacetylase 8 (HDAC8), transcript variant 1, mRNA. (from RefSeq NM_018486) RefSeq Summary (NM_018486): Histones play a critical role in transcriptional regulation, cell cycle progression, and developmental events. Histone acetylation/deacetylation alters chromosome structure and affects transcription factor access to DNA. The protein encoded by this gene belongs to class I of the histone deacetylase family. It catalyzes the deacetylation of lysine residues in the histone N-terminal tails and represses transcription in large multiprotein complexes with transcriptional co-repressors. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]. Gencode Transcript: ENST00000373573.9 Gencode Gene: ENSG00000147099.21 Transcript (Including UTRs) Position: hg38 chrX:72,329,516-72,572,843 Size: 243,328 Total Exon Count: 11 Strand: - Coding Region Position: hg38 chrX:72,330,054-72,572,761 Size: 242,708 Coding Exon Count: 11
ID:HDAC8_HUMAN DESCRIPTION: RecName: Full=Histone deacetylase 8; Short=HD8; EC=184.108.40.206; FUNCTION: Responsible for the deacetylation of lysine residues on the N-terminal part of the core histones (H2A, H2B, H3 and H4). Histone deacetylation gives a tag for epigenetic repression and plays an important role in transcriptional regulation, cell cycle progression and developmental events. Histone deacetylases act via the formation of large multiprotein complexes. May play a role in smooth muscle cell contractility. CATALYTIC ACTIVITY: Hydrolysis of an N(6)-acetyl-lysine residue of a histone to yield a deacetylated histone. COFACTOR: Binds 1 divalent metal cation per subunit. ENZYME REGULATION: Its activity is inhibited by trichostatin A (TSA), suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA), 3-(1-methyl-4- phenylacetyl-1H-2-pyrrolyl)-N-hydroxy-2-propenamide (APHA), 4- dimethylamino-N-(6-hydroxycarbamoyethyl)benzamide-N-hydroxy-7-(4- dimethylaminobenzoyl)aminoheptanamide (MS-344), 5-(4-methyl- benzoylamino)-biphenyl-3,4'-dicarboxylic acid 3-dimethylamide 4'- hydroxyamide (CRA-A) and butyrate. SUBUNIT: Interacts with PEPB2-MYH11, a fusion protein consisting of the 165 N-terminal residues of CBF-beta (PEPB2) with the tail region of MYH11 produced by the inversion Inv(16)(p13q22), a translocation associated with acute myeloid leukemia of M4EO subtype. The PEPB2-MYH1 fusion protein also interacts with RUNX1, a well known transcriptional regulator, suggesting that the interaction with HDAC8 may participate in the conversion of RUNX1 into a constitutive transcriptional repressor. Interacts with CBFA2T3. Interacts with phosphorylated SMG5/EST1B; this interaction protects SMG5 from ubiquitin-mediated degradation. Associates with alpha-SMA (smooth muscle alpha-actin). SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Nucleus. Cytoplasm. Note=Excluded from the nucleoli. Found in the cytoplasm of cells showing smooth muscle differentiation. TISSUE SPECIFICITY: Weakly expressed in most tissues. Expressed at higher level in heart, brain, kidney and pancreas and also in liver, lung, placenta, prostate and kidney. PTM: Phosphorylated by PKA on serine 39. Phosphorylation reduces deacetylase activity observed preferentially on histones H3 and H4. SIMILARITY: Belongs to the histone deacetylase family. HD type 1 subfamily.
The RNAfold program from the Vienna RNA Package is used to perform the secondary structure predictions and folding calculations. The estimated folding energy is in kcal/mol. The more negative the energy, the more secondary structure the RNA is likely to have.
ModBase Predicted Comparative 3D Structure on Q9BY41
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Orthologous Genes in Other Species
Orthologies between human, mouse, and rat are computed by taking the best BLASTP hit, and filtering out non-syntenic hits. For more distant species reciprocal-best BLASTP hits are used. Note that the absence of an ortholog in the table below may reflect incomplete annotations in the other species rather than a true absence of the orthologous gene.