Gene interactions and pathways from curated databases and text-mining
Med Microbiol Immunol 2012, PMID: 21567173

mTOR signaling pathway regulates the IL-12/IL-10 axis in Leishmania donovani infection.

Cheekatla, Satyanarayana Swamy; Aggarwal, Amita; Naik, Sita

Leishmania-induced interleukin-12 (IL-12) expression is negatively regulated by the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and extracellular signal regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2 pathways in human monocyte derived macrophages (MDMs). To extend these studies, we examined the pathways downstream from PI3K in L. donovani-induced reciprocal regulation of IL-12/IL-10 axis in THP-1-derived macrophages. We show for the first time that in THP-1-derived macrophages and human monocytes, mTOR inhibition by rapamycin reversed L. donovani-induced IL-12 and IL-10 modulation. L. donovani-induced phosphorylation of P70S6K, a correlate of mTOR activity, in TLR-stimulated THP-1 derived macrophages. This increase in P70S6K phosphorylation was completely blocked by rapamycin (mTOR inhibitor) and partially by wortmannin (PI3K inhibitor). These observations suggest that a PI3K independent pathway is operative in the modulation of IL-12 and IL-10. Blocking of TLR2 significantly attenuated IL-10 induced by the parasite, but did not affect IL-12 production. Thus, our data suggests that intracellular network of PI3K and mTOR pathway control IL-12/IL-10 modulation by L. donovani. mTOR inhibitors may be attractive molecules to reverse this modulation and may result in control of disease.

Diseases/Pathways annotated by Medline MESH: Leishmaniasis, Visceral
Document information provided by NCBI PubMed

Text Mining Data

mTOR ⊣ IL-10: " We show for the first time that in THP-1 derived macrophages and human monocytes, mTOR inhibition by rapamycin reversed L. donovani induced IL-12 and IL-10 modulation "

mTOR ⊣ IL-12: " We show for the first time that in THP-1 derived macrophages and human monocytes, mTOR inhibition by rapamycin reversed L. donovani induced IL-12 and IL-10 modulation "

THP-1 → TLR: " L. donovani induced phosphorylation of P70S6K, a correlate of mTOR activity, in TLR stimulated THP-1 derived macrophages "

IL-10 → TLR2: " Blocking of TLR2 significantly attenuated IL-10 induced by the parasite, but did not affect IL-12 production "

IL-12 — TLR2: " Blocking of TLR2 significantly attenuated IL-10 induced by the parasite, but did not affect IL-12 production "

Manually curated Databases

No curated data.