Human Gene ARID1A (ENST00000324856.13) from GENCODE V43
Description: Homo sapiens AT-rich interaction domain 1A (ARID1A), transcript variant 1, mRNA. (from RefSeq NM_006015) RefSeq Summary (NM_006015): This gene encodes a member of the SWI/SNF family, whose members have helicase and ATPase activities and are thought to regulate transcription of certain genes by altering the chromatin structure around those genes. The encoded protein is part of the large ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling complex SNF/SWI, which is required for transcriptional activation of genes normally repressed by chromatin. It possesses at least two conserved domains that could be important for its function. First, it has a DNA-binding domain that can specifically bind an AT-rich DNA sequence known to be recognized by a SNF/SWI complex at the beta-globin locus. Second, the C-terminus of the protein can stimulate glucocorticoid receptor-dependent transcriptional activation. It is thought that the protein encoded by this gene confers specificity to the SNF/SWI complex and may recruit the complex to its targets through either protein-DNA or protein-protein interactions. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]. Gencode Transcript: ENST00000324856.13 Gencode Gene: ENSG00000117713.21 Transcript (Including UTRs) Position: hg38 chr1:26,696,015-26,782,104 Size: 86,090 Total Exon Count: 20 Strand: + Coding Region Position: hg38 chr1:26,696,404-26,780,756 Size: 84,353 Coding Exon Count: 20
ID:ARI1A_HUMAN DESCRIPTION: RecName: Full=AT-rich interactive domain-containing protein 1A; Short=ARID domain-containing protein 1A; AltName: Full=B120; AltName: Full=BRG1-associated factor 250; Short=BAF250; AltName: Full=BRG1-associated factor 250a; Short=BAF250A; AltName: Full=Osa homolog 1; Short=hOSA1; AltName: Full=SWI-like protein; AltName: Full=SWI/SNF complex protein p270; AltName: Full=SWI/SNF-related, matrix-associated, actin-dependent regulator of chromatin subfamily F member 1; AltName: Full=hELD; FUNCTION: Involved in transcriptional activation and repression of select genes by chromatin remodeling (alteration of DNA-nucleosome topology). Binds DNA non-specifically. Also involved in vitamin D- coupled transcription regulation via its association with the WINAC complex, a chromatin-remodeling complex recruited by vitamin D receptor (VDR), which is required for the ligand-bound VDR- mediated transrepression of the CYP27B1 gene. Belongs to the neural progenitors-specific chromatin remodeling complex (npBAF complex) and the neuron-specific chromatin remodeling complex (nBAF complex). During neural development a switch from a stem/progenitor to a post-mitotic chromatin remodeling mechanism occurs as neurons exit the cell cycle and become committed to their adult state. The transition from proliferating neural stem/progenitor cells to post-mitotic neurons requires a switch in subunit composition of the npBAF and nBAF complexes. As neural progenitors exit mitosis and differentiate into neurons, npBAF complexes which contain ACTL6A/BAF53A and PHF10/BAF45A, are exchanged for homologous alternative ACTL6B/BAF53B and DPF1/BAF45B or DPF3/BAF45C subunits in neuron-specific complexes (nBAF). The npBAF complex is essential for the self-renewal/proliferative capacity of the multipotent neural stem cells. The nBAF complex along with CREST plays a role regulating the activity of genes essential for dendrite growth (By similarity). SUBUNIT: Component of SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complexes, in some of which it can be mutually exclusive with ARID1B/BAF250B. Component of the BAF (SWI/SNF-A) complex, which includes at least actin (ACTB), ARID1A, ARID1B/BAF250, SMARCA2, SMARCA4/BRG1/BAF190A, ACTL6A/BAF53, ACTL6B/BAF53B, SMARCE1/BAF57, SMARCC1/BAF155, SMARCC2/BAF170, SMARCB1/SNF5/INI1, and one or more of SMARCD1/BAF60A, SMARCD2/BAF60B, or SMARCD3/BAF60C. In muscle cells, the BAF complex also contains DPF3. Component of the SWI/SNF-B (PBAF) complex, at least composed of SMARCA4/BRG1/BAF190A, SMARCB1/BAF47, ACTL6A/BAF53A or ACTL6B/BAF53B, SMARCE1/BAF57, SMARCD1/BAF60A, SMARCD2/BAF60B, perhaps SMARCD3/BAF60C, SMARCC1/BAF155, SMARCC2/BAF170, PB1/BAF180, ARID2/BAF200, ARID1A/BAF250A or ARID1B/BAF250B and actin. Component of the SWI/SNF Brm complex, at least composed of SMARCA2/BRM/BAF190B, SMARCB1/BAF47, ACTL6A/BAF53A or ACTL6B/BAF53B, SMARCE1/BAF57, BAF60 (one or more of SMARCD1/BAF60A, SMARCD2/BAF60B, or SMARCD3/BAF60C), SMARCC1/BAF155, SMARCC2/BAF170, ARID1A/BAF250A, SIN3A, HDAC1, HDAC2, and RBAP4. Component of the SWI/SNF complex Brg1(I), at least composed of SMARCA4/BRG1/BAF190A, SMARCB1/BAF47, ACTL6A/BAF53A or ACTL6B/BAF53B, SMARCE1/BAF57, BAF60 (one or more of SMARCD1/BAF60A, SMARCD2/BAF60B, or SMARCD3/BAF60C), SMARCC1/BAF155, SMARCC2/BAF170, ARID1A/BAF250A, SIN3A, and probably HDAC2 and RBAP4. Component of the SWI/SNF Brg1(II), at least composed of SMARCA4/BRG1/BAF190A, SMARCB1/BAF47, ACTL6A/BAF53A or ACTL6B/BAF53B, SMARCE1/BAF57, SMARCC1/BAF155, SMARCC2/BAF170, ARID1A/BAF250A and probably HDAC2 and RBAP4. Component of a SWI/SNF-like EPAFa complex, at least composed of SMARCA4/BRG1/BAF190A, SMARCB1/BAF47, ACTL6A/BAF53A, SMARCE1/BAF57, SMARCD1/BAF60A, SMARCC1/BAF155, SMARCC2/BAF170, BAF250A and MLLT1/ENL. Component of a SWI/SNF-like complex containing ARID1A/BAF250A and ARID1B/BAF250B. Interacts through its C- terminus with SMARCA2/BRM/BAF190B and SMARCA4/BRG1/BAF190A. Component of the WINAC complex, at least composed of SMARCA2, SMARCA4, SMARCB1, SMARCC1, SMARCC2, SMARCD1, SMARCE1, ACTL6A, BAZ1B/WSTF, ARID1A, SUPT16H, CHAF1A and TOP2B. Interacts with SMARCC1/BAF155. Component of neural progenitors-specific chromatin remodeling complex (npBAF complex) composed of at least, ARID1A/BAF250A or ARID1B/BAF250B, SMARCD1/BAF60A, SMARCD3/BAF60C, SMARCA2/BRM/BAF190B, SMARCA4/BRG1/BAF190A, SMARCB1/BAF47, SMARCC1/BAF155, SMARCE1/BAF57, SMARCC2/BAF170, PHF10/BAF45A, ACTL6A/BAF53A and actin. Component of neuron-specific chromatin remodeling complex (nBAF complex) composed of at least, ARID1A/BAF250A or ARID1B/BAF250B, SMARCD1/BAF60A, SMARCD3/BAF60C, SMARCA2/BRM/BAF190B, SMARCA4/BRG1/BAF190A, SMARCB1/BAF47, SMARCC1/BAF155, SMARCE1/BAF57, SMARCC2/BAF170, DPF1/BAF45B, DPF3/BAF45C, ACTL6B/BAF53B and actin (By similarity). INTERACTION: Q14526:HIC1; NbExp=2; IntAct=EBI-637887, EBI-2507362; P51531:SMARCA2; NbExp=3; IntAct=EBI-637887, EBI-679562; P51532:SMARCA4; NbExp=11; IntAct=EBI-637887, EBI-302489; SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Nucleus. TISSUE SPECIFICITY: Highly expressed in spleen, thymus, prostate, testis, ovary, small intestine, colon, and PBL, and at a much lower level in heart, brain, placenta, lung, liver, skeletal muscle, kidney, and pancreas. PTM: Phosphorylated upon DNA damage, probably by ATM or ATR. DISEASE: Defects in ARID1A are the cause of mental retardation autosomal dominant type 14 (MRD14) [MIM:614607]. A disease characterized by multiple congenital anomalies and mental retardation. Mental retardation is defined by significantly below average general intellectual functioning associated with impairments in adaptative behavior and manifested during the developmental period. MRD14 patients manifest developmental delay, abnormal corpus callosum, absent/hypoplastic fifth finger/toenails, sparse scalp hair, long eyelashes, and a coarse facial appearance with wide mouth, thick lips, and abnormal ears. SIMILARITY: Contains 1 ARID domain. SEQUENCE CAUTION: Sequence=AAF75765.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=374; Sequence=AAG33967.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=872, 885; Sequence=BAA23269.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=Several; Sequence=BAA83073.1; Type=Erroneous gene model prediction; Sequence=BAA83073.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=Several;
The RNAfold program from the Vienna RNA Package is used to perform the secondary structure predictions and folding calculations. The estimated folding energy is in kcal/mol. The more negative the energy, the more secondary structure the RNA is likely to have.
ModBase Predicted Comparative 3D Structure on O14497
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Orthologous Genes in Other Species
Orthologies between human, mouse, and rat are computed by taking the best BLASTP hit, and filtering out non-syntenic hits. For more distant species reciprocal-best BLASTP hits are used. Note that the absence of an ortholog in the table below may reflect incomplete annotations in the other species rather than a true absence of the orthologous gene.