Human Gene MAP3K7 (ENST00000369329.8) from GENCODE V43
Description: Homo sapiens mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase 7 (MAP3K7), transcript variant B, mRNA. (from RefSeq NM_145331) RefSeq Summary (NM_145331): The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the serine/threonine protein kinase family. This kinase mediates the signaling transduction induced by TGF beta and morphogenetic protein (BMP), and controls a variety of cell functions including transcription regulation and apoptosis. In response to IL-1, this protein forms a kinase complex including TRAF6, MAP3K7P1/TAB1 and MAP3K7P2/TAB2; this complex is required for the activation of nuclear factor kappa B. This kinase can also activate MAPK8/JNK, MAP2K4/MKK4, and thus plays a role in the cell response to environmental stresses. Four alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been reported. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]. Gencode Transcript: ENST00000369329.8 Gencode Gene: ENSG00000135341.19 Transcript (Including UTRs) Position: hg38 chr6:90,513,579-90,587,072 Size: 73,494 Total Exon Count: 17 Strand: - Coding Region Position: hg38 chr6:90,516,501-90,586,883 Size: 70,383 Coding Exon Count: 17
ID:M3K7_HUMAN DESCRIPTION: RecName: Full=Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase 7; EC=184.108.40.206; AltName: Full=Transforming growth factor-beta-activated kinase 1; Short=TGF-beta-activated kinase 1; FUNCTION: Serine/threonine kinase which acts as an essential component of the MAP kinase signal transduction pathway. Plays an important role in the cascades of cellular responses evoked by changes in the environment. Mediates signal transduction of TRAF6, various cytokines including interleukin-1 (IL-1), transforming growth factor-beta (TGFB), TGFB-related factors like BMP2 and BMP4, toll-like receptors (TLR), tumor necrosis factor receptor CD40 and B-cell receptor (BCR). Ceramides are also able to activate MAP3K7/TAK1. Once activated, acts as an upstream activator of the MKK/JNK signal transduction cascade and the p38 MAPK signal transduction cascade through the phosphorylation and activation of several MAP kinase kinases like MAP2K1/MEK1, MAP2K3/MKK3, MAP2K6/MKK6 and MAP2K7/MKK7. These MAP2Ks in turn activate p38 MAPKs, c-jun N-terminal kinases (JNKs) and I-kappa-B kinase complex (IKK). Both p38 MAPK and JNK pathways control the transcription factors activator protein-1 (AP-1), while nuclear factor-kappa B is activated by IKK. MAP3K7 activates also IKBKB and MAPK8/JNK1 in response to TRAF6 signaling and mediates BMP2- induced apoptosis. In osmotic stress signaling, plays a major role in the activation of MAPK8/JNK1, but not that of NF-kappa-B. CATALYTIC ACTIVITY: ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein. COFACTOR: Magnesium. ENZYME REGULATION: Activated by proinflammatory cytokines and in response to physical and chemical stresses, including osmotic stress, oxidative stress, arsenic and ultraviolet light irradiation. Activated by 'Lys-63'-linked polyubiquitination and by autophosphorylation. Association with TAB1/MAP3K7IP1 and TAB2/MAP3K7IP2 promotes activation through autophosphorylation, whereas PPM1B/PP2CB, PP2A and PPP6C dephosphorylation leads to inactivation. SUBUNIT: Binds both upstream activators and downstream substrates in multimolecular complexes. Interacts with TAB1/MAP3K7IP1, TAB2/MAP3K7IP2 and TAB3/MAP3K7IP3. Identified in the TRIKA2 complex composed of MAP3K7/TAK1, TAB1/MAP3K7IP1 and TAB2/MAP3K7IP2. Interacts with PPM1L and PPM1B/PP2CB. Interaction with PP2A and PPP6C leads to its repressed activity. Interacts with TRAF6 and TAB1/MAP3K7IP1; during IL-1 signaling. Interacts with TAOK1 and TAOK2; interaction with TAOK2 interferes with MAP3K7 interaction with IKKA, thus preventing NF-kappa-B activation. Interacts with WDR34 (via WD domains). Interacts with CYLD and RBCK1. Interacts with TGFBR1; induces MAP3K7/TAK1 activation by TRAF6. Interacts with MAPK8IP1 and SMAD6 (By similarity). Interacts with isoform 1 of VRK2. Interacts with DAB2; the interaction is induced by TGF-beta stimulation and may mediate TGF-beta stimulated JNK activation. INTERACTION: Q9UQF2:MAPK8IP1; NbExp=10; IntAct=EBI-358684, EBI-78404; P40763:STAT3; NbExp=4; IntAct=EBI-358684, EBI-518675; Q9NYJ8:TAB2; NbExp=2; IntAct=EBI-358684, EBI-358708; SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Cytoplasm. Cell membrane; Peripheral membrane protein; Cytoplasmic side. Note=Although the majority of MAP3K7/TAK1 is found in the cytosol, when complexed with TAB1/MAP3K7IP1 and TAB2/MAP3K7IP2, it is also localized at the cell membrane. TISSUE SPECIFICITY: Isoform 1A is the most abundant in ovary, skeletal muscle, spleen and blood mononuclear cells. Isoform 1B is highly expressed in brain, kidney and small intestine. Isoform 1C is the major form in prostate. Isoform 1D is the less abundant form. PTM: Association with TAB1/MAP3K7IP1 promotes autophosphorylation at Ser-192 and subsequent activation. Association with TAB2/MAP3K7IP2, itself associated with free unanchored Lys-63 polyubiquitin chain, promotes autophosphorylation and subsequent activation of MAP3K7. Dephosphorylation at Ser-192 by PPM1B/PP2CB and at Thr-187 by PP2A and PPP6C leads to inactivation. PTM: Ubiquitinated, leading to proteasomal degradation (By similarity). Requires 'Lys-63'-linked polyubiquitination for autophosphorylation and subsequent activation. 'Lys-63'-linked ubiquitination does not lead to proteasomal degradation. Deubiquitinated by CYLD, a protease that selectively cleaves 'Lys- 63'-linked ubiquitin chains. Deubiquitinated by Y.enterocolitica YopP. SIMILARITY: Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. STE Ser/Thr protein kinase family. MAP kinase kinase kinase subfamily. SIMILARITY: Contains 1 protein kinase domain.
The RNAfold program from the Vienna RNA Package is used to perform the secondary structure predictions and folding calculations. The estimated folding energy is in kcal/mol. The more negative the energy, the more secondary structure the RNA is likely to have.
ModBase Predicted Comparative 3D Structure on O43318
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Orthologous Genes in Other Species
Orthologies between human, mouse, and rat are computed by taking the best BLASTP hit, and filtering out non-syntenic hits. For more distant species reciprocal-best BLASTP hits are used. Note that the absence of an ortholog in the table below may reflect incomplete annotations in the other species rather than a true absence of the orthologous gene.