Ji, C; Yang, B; Yang, Y-L; He, S-H; Miao, D-S; He, L; Bi, Z-G
New chemotherapy-enhancing strategies are needed for better cancer therapy. Previous studies suggest that exogenous cell-permeable C6 ceramide may be a useful adjunct to the anti-tumor effects of chemotherapeutic agents (such as Taxol) against multiple cancers. Here we demonstrate that exogenous cell-permeable C6 ceramide largely sensitizes multiple progressive cancer cell lines to Doxorubicin-induced cell death and apoptosis. We found for the first time that Doxorubicin induces AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation in a reactive oxygen species-dependent manner. Activation of AMPK contributes to Doxorubicin-induced cancer cell death and apoptosis. Inhibition of AMPK by small interfering RNA knockdown or a pharmacological inhibitor reduces Doxorubicin-induced cancer cell apoptosis, whereas AMPK activator AICAR enhances it. Importantly, we found that C6 ceramide largely enhances Doxorubicin-induced activation of AMPK, which leads to mTOR complex 1 inhibition and chemo-sensitization. Our data suggest that the combination of C6 ceramide with traditional chemotherapy drugs such as Doxorubicin may have the potential to be used as a new therapeutic intervention against multiple cancers.
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mTORC1 ⊣ AMPK: " Exogenous cell-permeable C6 ceramide sensitizes multiple cancer cell lines to Doxorubicin induced apoptosis by promoting AMPK
activation and mTORC1
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