Schema for Ensembl Genes - Ensembl Genes
  Database: hetGla1    Primary Table: ensGene    Row Count: 41,837   Data last updated: 2021-05-25
Format description: A gene prediction with some additional info.
fieldexampleSQL type info description
bin 73smallint(5) unsigned range Indexing field to speed chromosome range queries.
name ENSHGLT00100012433.1varchar(255) values Name of gene (usually transcript_id from GTF)
chrom JH165516varchar(255) values Reference sequence chromosome or scaffold
strand +char(1) values + or - for strand
txStart 56039int(10) unsigned range Transcription start position (or end position for minus strand item)
txEnd 153489int(10) unsigned range Transcription end position (or start position for minus strand item)
cdsStart 56039int(10) unsigned range Coding region start (or end position for minus strand item)
cdsEnd 153460int(10) unsigned range Coding region end (or start position for minus strand item)
exonCount 27int(10) unsigned range Number of exons
exonStarts 56039,80269,81179,83961,105...longblob   Exon start positions (or end positions for minus strand item)
exonEnds 56336,80389,81255,84057,106...longblob   Exon end positions (or start positions for minus strand item)
score 0int(11) range score
name2 ENSHGLG00100009108.1varchar(255) values Alternate name (e.g. gene_id from GTF)
cdsStartStat incmplenum('none', 'unk', 'incmpl', 'cmpl') values Status of CDS start annotation (none, unknown, incomplete, or complete)
cdsEndStat cmplenum('none', 'unk', 'incmpl', 'cmpl') values Status of CDS end annotation (none, unknown, incomplete, or complete)
exonFrames 0,0,0,1,1,0,0,1,0,1,0,0,1,1...longblob   Exon frame {0,1,2}, or -1 if no frame for exon

Connected Tables and Joining Fields
        hetGla1.ensGtp.transcript (via (via (via (via

Sample Rows
73ENSHGLT00100012433.1JH165516+56039153489560391534602756039,80269,81179,83961,105906,108361,110036,115155,115436,117898,124363,125620,126835,128418,129779,133814,135060,137707,140797 ...56336,80389,81255,84057,106046,108472,110145,115283,115521,118050,124471,125744,126937,128574,129879,133926,135198,137814,140877 ...0ENSHGLG00100009108.1incmplcmpl0,0,0,1,1,0,0,1,0,1,0,0,1,1,1,2,0,0,2,1,1,1,1,2,2,0,2,
73ENSHGLT00100002745.1JH165516-28797141354928797141354959287971,290557,291930,296594,298596,299339,300776,301925,302975,304243,311947,312762,313668,314352,314777,315716,316473,319842,32 ...288346,290729,292162,296714,298725,299456,300899,302051,303182,304369,312079,312885,313788,314478,314843,315869,316599,319962,32 ...0ENSHGLG00100002097.1cmplincmpl0,2,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,2,1,1,0,

Note: all start coordinates in our database are 0-based, not 1-based. See explanation here.

Ensembl Genes (ensGene) Track Description


These gene predictions were generated by Ensembl.

For more information on the different gene tracks, see our Genes FAQ.


For a description of the methods used in Ensembl gene predictions, please refer to Hubbard et al. (2002), also listed in the References section below.

Data access

Ensembl Gene data can be explored interactively using the Table Browser or the Data Integrator. For local downloads, the genePred format files for hetGla1 are available in our downloads directory as ensGene.txt.gz or in our genes download directory in GTF format.

For programmatic access, the data can be queried from the REST API or directly from our public MySQL servers. Instructions on this method are available on our MySQL help page and on our blog.

Previous versions of this track can be found on our archive download server.


We would like to thank Ensembl for providing these gene annotations. For more information, please see Ensembl's genome annotation page.


Hubbard T, Barker D, Birney E, Cameron G, Chen Y, Clark L, Cox T, Cuff J, Curwen V, Down T et al. The Ensembl genome database project. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):38-41. PMID: 11752248; PMC: PMC99161